Lithium Ion uses the rare earth material cobalt which is not scalable economically. EndLiS Energy does not use cobalt in our batteries.
Lithium Ion uses slurry casting for electrode manufacturing which cannot incorporate defined nano-architectures needed in next generation batteries.
Due to intercalation electrochemistry, Lithium Ion's energy and power density will struggle to meet the demand of the electric vehicle market.
Lithium Carbon uses mostly abundantly available carbon for the entire battery. Carbon is used for its lightweight property as well as it electrical conductivity
Lithium Carbon uses electrostatic spray deposition for electrode manufacturing. This type of manufacturing technique can form high surface area electrodes with extremely high electrical conductivity
Utilizing conversion, intercalation and alloy electrochemistry, high energy and power density batteries can be realized along with electrostatic spray deposition.