The Problem with Lithium Ion

Raw Material Supply

Lithium Ion uses the rare earth material cobalt which is not scalable economically.  EndLiS Energy does not use cobalt in our batteries.

Manufacturing Technology

Lithium Ion uses slurry casting for electrode manufacturing which cannot incorporate defined nano-architectures needed in next generation batteries.  

Energy and Power Density

Due to intercalation electrochemistry, Lithium Ion's energy and power density will struggle to meet the demand of the electric vehicle market. 

The Solution with Lithium Carbon

Raw Material Supply

Lithium Carbon uses mostly abundantly available carbon for the entire battery.  Carbon is used for its lightweight property as well as it electrical conductivity 

Manufacturing Technology

Lithium Carbon uses electrostatic spray deposition for electrode manufacturing.  This type of manufacturing technique can form high surface area electrodes with extremely high electrical conductivity

Energy and Power Density

Utilizing conversion, intercalation and alloy electrochemistry, high energy and power density batteries can be realized along with electrostatic spray deposition. 

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